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What is Project 211 and Project 985 universities

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Post time: 2015-04-11 13:44:37
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Project 211
Project 211 is a constructive project ofnearly 100 universities and disciplines in the 21st century conducted by thegovernment of China. The project aims at cultivating high-level talents fornational economic and social development strategies. The project began from theidea that, in the mid 1990s, the 30 elite universities at the time were too lowby international research standards.

Inclusion in the project means thatuniversities have to meet scientific, technical and HR standards and to offerset advanced degree programs. The figure of 21 and 1 within 211 are from theabbreviation of the 21st century and approximate 100 universities respectively.

China now has more than 1,700 standardinstitutions of higher education, and about 6 percent of them are 211 Projectinstitutions. 211 Project schools take on the responsibility of trainingfour-fifths of doctoral students, two-thirds of graduate students, half ofstudents abroad and one-third of undergraduates. They offer 85% of the State'skey subjects; hold 96 percent of the State's key laboratories; and utilize 70%of scientific research funding. During the first phase of the project from 1996to 2000, approximately USD 2.2 billion was distributed.

Project 985
Project 985 is a project that was firstannounced by CPC General secretary and Chinese President Jiang Zemin at the100th anniversary of Peking University on May 4, 1998 to promote thedevelopment and reputation of the Chinese higher education system by foundingworld-class universities in the 21st century and eponymous after the date ofthe announcement, May 1998, or 98/5, according to the Chinese date format. Theproject involves both national and local governments allocating large amountsof funding to certain universities in order to build new research centers,improve facilities, hold international conferences, attract world-renownedfaculty and visiting scholars, and help Chinese faculty attend conferencesabroad.

In 2009, 9 universities made up the C9 League, whichis referred to as the Chinese equivalent of the US Ivy League. By the end ofthe second phase of the project, 39 universities were sponsored. It wasannounced in 2011 that the project has closed the door, no more new schools tojoin in.

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